The Amazon wears a short chiton; her spear is broken. The Persian warrior, wearing trousers, also has his weapons beside him: a curved sword and an oval shield. Amazons and Persians were seen as mythical enemies in GraecoRoman culture. The two Imperial period statues, among others, were erected in Rome, in the baths established by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (63—12 BC), son-in-law of Emperor Augustus, to commemorate one of his victories. The group was based on the bronze statues of the so-called Lesser Attalid Monument on the Athenian Acropolis, which was built in the second century BC by one of the kings named Attalos, rulers of Pergamon.