258 x 137 x 150 cm
early 20th century
The statue depicting the goddess of victory is one of the few Greek sculptures that survive from the Classical period. The Messenians and Naupaktians, the allies of the Athenians in the Peloponnesian War, erected the statue to commemorate a victory over Sparta. It stood near the Temple of Zeus at Olympia atop a high pillar. Paionios masterfully represented the winged figure in flight. The descending Victory held her mantle with both hands (now fragmentary). The mantle of the goddess swells like the sails of a ship, while her dress is also blown against her body, highlighting the outlines of her figure, and creating an impression of nudity.