THE AUGUSTUS OF PRIMA PORTA
The emperor Augustus (63 BC — 14 AD) wears armour and the cape of generals (paludamentum): he is a commander. He once held a spear in his left hand, his right hand is raised, as if he was addressing his soldiers. But he has no sandals — he is barefoot like the gods. Beside him, there is Amor riding a dolphin — like the emperor, he too, is the offspring of Venus. His cuirass is decorated with relief. In the centre there is a man wearing trousers: he is a representative of the rivalling Parthian Empire, who hands the looted Roman insignia back to a Roman soldier. The scene is encircled by the gods who witness the act. The statue was found in the villa of the emperor’s widow.