BUST OF HERMES, AFTER POLYKLEITOS
Only a small fragment suggests that the bust represents Hermes, the winged god: the stump at the right side of the head is a trace of the wing. The face evokes the statues of Polykleitos, while the treatment of the hair is typical of Roman portraits of the 120s—140s AD. The bust is thus an adaptation, a variant of the Polykleitan theme. The statue was found in Hadrian’s villa in Tivoli. Hadrian adored Greek culture, which earned him the nickname Graeculus (‘Greekling’). In the eighteenth century, a groove was carved around the head to receive a diadem: the bust was transformed into the statue of a victorious athlete.