The exhibits in this room are mostly portraits of ancient men whose memory was not only preserved by their loved ones, as in the case of the funerary monuments erected by families, but also by the larger community. Many portraits depict men of intellect: great poets and historians — authors who played a decisive role in Greek, and in the shared Graeco-Roman culture, and whose memory has been kept alive until today. The portraits of many of them were created centuries after they had died, their features can thus hardly be regarded as authentic. Ancient portraits focused on the social standing of the depicted person, a physical likeness was not of crucial importance. Certain attributes may have held completely different connotations than they do today: for a long time, the beard simply indicated that the person was past his youth. The Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great (336—323 BC) was the first adult man to be represented with a beardless face. At times, it is hard to decide whether a portrait shows a mythical hero or a human being. The distance between them was thus not insurmountable.